Food biology is that the study of microorganisms that colonize, modify and method, or contaminate and spoil food. it's one in all the foremost various analysis areas among biology. It encompasses a large style of microorganisms as well as spoilage, probiotic, fermentative, and unhealthful microorganism, molds, yeasts, viruses, prions, and parasites. It deals with foods and beverages of various composition, combining a broad spectrum of environmental factors which will influence microbic survival and growth. Food biology includes microorganisms that have each useful and hurtful effects on food quality and safety and should thus be of concern to public health.